Q: What do the “status of residence” and “period of stay” mean?

The status of residence legally categorizes the type of activities that foreign nationals who enter and stay in Japan can engage in, or the type of statuses or positions which allow foreign nationals to enter and stay in Japan. As of December 2018, there are 30 types of status of residence in Japan. Foreign nationals are permitted to engage in activities within the boundaries of the status of residence and period of stay granted to him/her.

The period of stay refers to the period during which foreign nationals with each status of residence can legally stay in Japan. The permitted period differs by the status of residence.
The list of status of residence and term of residence is as follows.

[Reference] The list of status of residence and term of residence (August, 2018)

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